According to the World Health Organization, over 65 years old are now considered elderly. Of course, not everyone has the same complaints after the age of 65, but with this age it is no longer necessary to go through specific precautions and controls. Here, the aging that should not be forgotten is not a disease and the complaints can be reduced with a regular life and controls. So many complaints that arise during these ages do not care that they are “old”, but in fact, there are many other diseases that require treatment on the basis of fact. “Old age is not a disease with standard complaints. As the age progresses, the risk of getting some diseases increases”. Even so, psychological disturbances in the old age can be found on the basis of some problems like thyroid problems.
Diseases with increased incidence in old age:
The incidence of these diseases is likely to increase as the age goes on. The risk of Alzheimer’s is 10 per cent in a 70-year-old person, and 60-70 per cent in the 80-90 age groups.
The most important risks that come to the agenda together with old age are falling at the beginning. An 80-year-old who has no illness can become convicted of a bed due to the complications of fractures seen as a result of falling, and even lose his life. For this reason, it is of primary importance to prevent falls in old age.
One of the most important things to pay attention to is the decrease in hearing function. Many people brought with the fear of dementia show that the hearing function is actually declining as a result of the tests carried out. In fact, this situation can often be confused with depression. If a person participates less frequently in conversations because of an unrecognized hearing problem, or if they repeat what they say, they may think that they are depressed or that the forgetfulness problem has begun.
The aging process affects the cardiovascular system the most. Cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary artery disease, hypertension, calcified aortic stenosis and heart failure can increase with age, and the vast majority of cardiovascular deaths occur during the old age. The reason why cardiovascular diseases are more common in this group is; Age-related structural changes, long-term exposure to risk factors, and accompanying diseases.
– Respiratory system infections are a major health problem, especially in people aged 65 years or older in both developed and developing countries. Even if the person is healthy according to his or her advanced age, and even if he or she is in the low risk group, it can be more susceptible to respiratory infections such as pneumonia and bronchitis due to changes in the immune system.
In the musculoskeletal system with aging; Bone erosion, arthritis, joint diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fractures can be seen. Work done shows that; Degenerative joint diseases are seen most frequently in advancing age, such as in bone era, waist, knee and neck regions.
– In the later ages, many diseases can occur as a result of nervous system changes. Diseases such as paralysis, brain hemorrhage, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, Parkinson’s disease are at the beginning of the nervous system diseases of the old age.
– The most common diseases in the elderly who progress to digestive system changes are; Stomach bleeding, constipation that progresses to obstruction, gastritis, loss of appetite and malnutrition.
– One of the major health problems seen in the later ages is urinary incontinence. While the incidence of geriatric incontinence in the community is between 8 and 34 percent, this problem can reach 50 percent in nursing homes and hospitals.